Heart Disease Risk Factors | Jami Kamp | Goshen Heart & Vascular

I’m Jami Kamp. I’m a Nurse Practitioner with the Goshen Heart
& Vascular Center. The most common risk factors for developing
heart disease are high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, having premature
coronary artery disease in a first-degree relative and finally smoking. High cholesterol can be a result of poor lifestyle
choices combined with bad food choices, or it can be a result of familial hypercholesterolemia
which is genetically passed down from your parents. So, high blood pressure puts resistance on
your peripheral vessels which in turn makes the heart work harder and increases the workload
of the heart. Obesity is defined as a body mass index
or BMI greater than 30. Normal BMI is anywhere from 18 to 25. 25 to 29 is considered overweight. So obviously the higher the BMI, the harder
the heart has to work. Having diabetes puts a person at two to four
times higher risk for developing heart disease. A first-degree relative, which is a mom, dad,
brother or sister that has developed premature heart disease puts you at higher risk for
developing heart disease yourself. The single most preventable risk factor for
developing coronary artery disease or heart disease is smoking. Smoking increases the chance for developing
heart disease six to nine times more than a person who doesn’t smoke.

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