Nephrology – Chronic Kidney Disease: By Steven Cheng M.D.

Nephrology – Chronic Kidney Disease: By Steven Cheng M.D.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is caused by a wide variety of pathologic processes, including diabetes, hypertension, and autoimmune diseases. The stages of CKD, from stage 1 to stage 5, reflect progressive loss of function as quantified by the glomerular filtration rate or GFR. GFR is commonly estimated using serum creatinine levels, which increase as renal […]

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